|Title||Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Polycrystalline CdSe Thin Films with Controlled Grain Size|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Feser, Joseph P., Emory M. Chan, Arun Majumdar, Rachel A. Segalman, and Jeffrey J. Urban|
|Date Published||May 8, 2013|
Polycrystallinity leads to increased phonon scattering at grain boundaries and is known to be an effective method to reduce thermal conductivity in thermoelectric materials. However, the fundamental limits of this approach are not fully understood, as it is difficult to form uniform sub-20 nm grain structures. We use colloidal nanocrystals treated with functional inorganic ligands to obtain nanograined films of CdSe with controlled characteristic grain size between 3 and 6 nm. Experimental measurements demonstrate that thermal conductivity in these composites can fall beneath the prediction of the so-called minimum thermal conductivity for disordered crystals. The measurements are consistent, however, with diffuse boundary scattering of acoustic phonons. This apparent paradox can be explained by an overattribution of transport to high-energy phonons in the minimum thermal conductivity model where, in compound semiconductors, optical and zone edge phonons have low group velocity and high scattering rates.
|Short Title||Nano Lett.|